The Sator Square

The most recognized word square, known as the Sator Square, contains a mysterious collection of letters. The five, five letter words, positioned inside a 5×5 grid, form a most impressive palindrome of SATOR AREPO TENET OPERA ROTAS.  A palindrome is a word/sentence which can be read both forward or backward.  Found within a square, this phrase is then able to be read from left or right, upward or downward, by following either rows or columns. This powerful arrangement is believed to hold magical qualities and is seen used on amulets, talismans, or charms to ward away evil.

Different translations have been suggested for the twenty-five letters.  Most of the variations, problems, or contradictions with translation seem to arise from the only word of the five which is not a known Latin word; AREPO.  Assuming AREPO to be a possible proper name, though, the most common reading of the square is ‘the farmer/gardener (SATOR) AREPO holds (TENET) and works (OPERA) wheels (ROTAS). (The Gardener Arepo holds and works the wheels/plough)

Many scholars continue to question the origin and meaning of this squared, circular phrase.  The Sator square was first thought to be of Christian origin because initial examples of the grid dated to around the 3rd to 5th centuries AD.  The square also held what were believed to have been hidden Christian symbols.

However, the discovery of what is now the earliest known inscription of the Sator square, on walls in the ruins of Pompeii, dates it to as far back as 79AD.  Finding the square in this place and time raises serious doubts on whether Christians first created the square.  Although Christians all across Europe are known to have later used the square, the possibility Pompeii held a strong Christian group, who would have created or etched the square there, is not likely, according to some scholars (sourced below).

The letters contained within the square hid an anagram of two PATER NOSTER’s in the form of a cross (sharing  the N), and with two A’s and two O’s leftover.  The odds for the Sator square to consist of this, unintentionally, are considered highly improbable, and therefore, believed to be meaningful.

The A’s and O’s (Greek Alpha and Omega/first and last), were thought to be inspired symbols from a passage in the Book of Revelation to represent Jesus.  Both the cross and Alpha/Omega were used by Christians and so with the later date of the square seemed appropriate.

But commonly known Christian references to the cross and usages of the Alpha and Omega are not found until after 79 AD.  This earlier dating of the Sator square caused scholars to look for other origins and writers for the grid.  Knowing the name Pater Noster/“Our Father” was also used and known to Jews, it would seem likely the square was inscribed by the Jews who lived in Pompeii at the time.

Believing this was the case, the initially thought meanings, which were Jesus based, were wrong, and different reasons for the forming of the cross and A/O had to be found.  Some archaeological discoveries of the square revealed ROTAS began the sequence instead of SATOR.  This provided a possible connection to follow.  It is realized the outside squares of the grid, going either way, include ROTASATOROTASATO. With ROTAS referring to ‘wheel’, some feel the square holds allusions to passages in Ezekiel. In Ezekiel 1:16-17, a vision of his includes the following description; “…Each appeared to be made like a wheel intersecting a wheel.  As they moved, they would go in any one of the four directions the creatures faced…”.  ROTAS, wheel, is seen in the square going in four directions.

Additional support for a link between the Sator square and Ezekiel is found later with verse 9:4; “…go throughout the city of Jerusalem and put a mark on the foreheads of those who grieve and lament over all the detestable things that are done in it.”  This Mark is the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet and is similar to the X/cross.  Those with the Mark would be recognized by God and would not be killed.

Not only does the above offer an explanation for the PATER NOSTER cross, but it gives reason for the A’s and O’s to stand apart from the anagram PATER NOSTER.  Within the Sator square, the positions of the four A’s and O’s(the first and last letters of AREPO/OPERA) form a cross when connected.  The separation of the A’s and O’s could signify the separation of the righteous from the unrepentant, mentioned in Ezekiel’s verse.  PATER NOSTER/‘OUR FATHER’, in form of the cross, symbolizes his mark, and he could clearly see the marked ones set aside.

Having the mark kept harm from coming to those who displayed it.  The Sator square was often placed above doorways and inscribed on various objects for protection from evil happenings.  The possible secret and hidden understanding, along with the magical positioning of letters in the grid, made the Sator square a powerful talisman.



Pickover, Clifford, The Zen of Magic Squares, Princeton University Press, 2002

Fishwick, Duncan, An Early Christian Cryptogram, reviewed January 2012

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59 Responses

  1. Madmonk says:

    My thoughts on the Cross,

    The cross for me is symbol of death of animal soul with in man. To hand that part over to God for correction to see ones “evil” intentions. Jesus the enlightend soul knew he could not become immortal within earthly body, he took to the His cross, the lower quadruplicity (malchut).

    Luke 9:23 “if any man will come after me in rebirth, let him deny himself and take up his cross.”

    This is relating to desires with in the animal that are not related to God but to pleasure the beast for its own benefit.


    Article about history of Kabbalah and its western roots

  2. Nate Beck says:

    Good stuff Jen!

    I’m glad you point out the wheels of God passages from Ezekiel, as well as the mark of God stuff.

    Few people ever discuss God’s mark when talking about the mark of the beast from Revelation 13:18.

    A careful reading of the above passages and also the Revelation points out that God has a protective mark or sigil as well as Satan.

    Unbeknown to many Christians, the use of sigils, seals and such like for protection is Biblical as well as occultic. It’s worshipping of the image instead of God who honors and is behind the meaning of the image that we must avoid.

    Returing to the above Ezekiel reference on the cherubim, those creatures were also placed in gold on top of the Ark of the Covenant. However, they represented God’s protection and were not to be worshipped themselves.

    Also of note is the fact that somehow during the Rennaissance, smeone got the bright idea that a cherub was a cupid type of creature with fluffy wings. NOT SO.

    Cherub is singular and cherubim is plural. What these creatures actually are is a tetramorph or creature with four different faces. One is that of a man, the others are an ox, an eagle and lion. These would later be used as symbols for the four gospel writers as well. Matthew being the man, Mark the lion, Luke the ox and John the eagle.

    Also they are for Leo, Aquarius, Scorpio and Taurus.

    So what we are dealing with is the celestial origin for things like sphynxes, gryphons, harpies, etc.

    Also of note is the fact that the Book of Abraham the Jew portrayed these creatures as guardians of the mountain of truth in the rose. I regard the Priory of Sion cipher text’s references to demon guardian and horse of God as indicating these creatures.

    Quite interesting as these creatures guard God’s throne, which according to the Bible and Kabbalah, is the source for all creation. God’s throne sits on a sapphire pavement the Kabbalists call the Eben Shetiyah, which means the water stone!!! Sapphire comes from the hebrew cephar, as in sephiroth on the tree of life and the Philosopher’s Stone is also called the water stone of the wise!

    No wonder the Philosopher’s Stone/Holy Grail is always associated with royalty and a royal genealogy. We aren’t just gibbering about Merovingian mythology here. We are talking about the King of kings and Lord of lords. The Ruler of all creation.

    And to get to His throne, you must overcome some almost insurmountable odds baby!

    I myself get access to the throne of God by the Blood of Christ. The most powerful protective seal; God’s own Blood!

    By the cross, conquer!

  3. zos says:

    I have an amulet of these sator it was written in a triangle not in square. I just want to know how could I use it.

  4. jing says:

    I know how to use these sator square actually this a prayer and each of the words have meaning to pray to make it useful so that you can use it, it is true because I know and I use it …

  5. Alex says:

    I laugh at this. I laugh because this symbol is far more powerful than one could ever fathom. I will deliver one revelation that has not been mentioned, and will not be mentioned by any scholar; and can have me beheaded if my true self is sought after, revealed. I will not give you the answer; I will direct you in the right direction toward a society of many secrets. Follow the pattern of the letter ‘A’ on the original square. It will ward off evil. But if one is of a negative, then the square will work to that effect. One will see this symbol in many different forms. To be discovered in the 3rd to 5th century, one must also not be fooled. There was no such thing as english literature nor the english alphabet. WAKE UP!

    If one was to know what this symbol is – and its true meaning and power – they would stay far away from it. Unless they practice with sacrifice from cult ritual. And are prepared to die for what they believe in. Please do not take this lightly, for I’ve read your posts and you are all looking in the wrong places.

    You will find the symbol on the back of vehicles, rings, charms and tattoos. On government buildings and on maps of different regions and countries. But I warn you again. Once you see this symbol/emblem/seal you will continue to see it everywhere you turn your head. This is truth.

    Beware. Be cautious. Believe. Blessed Be.


    • Carlos says:

      Alex, you seem to have knowledge about the Sator square that can’t be found anywhere else. For some reason I’m very interested in this symbol and the true meaning behind it; which to me, is still unknown. Could you please give me a precise clarification of what those words in that positionment mean? Thank you.

      • Michael says:

        There is good in sator but sator also used by evil remember before lucifer cast away from heaven he is one of the best in heaven. What you have there “SATOR” is good but good turn to evil when you use it in evil doings:
        The creator give this sator to protect your self from evil.
        This is for sator medallions.






  6. Nate Beck says:

    Well that is interesting Alex, if not a little too vague. Care to elaborate a little more so we have more of an idea of what you’re talking about? Thanks.

  7. Nate Beck says:

    Upon furthur observation I also notice that the ‘A’ in the square above looks very much like the square and compass symbol of Freemasonry but without the furthur extending lines from the inverted apex and the ‘O’ is also the sun glyph with a point in the center. So, I’m assuming the society Alex mentions would be Freemasonry.

  8. Alex says:

    Nate, you’re onto something, you’re starting to see it. Now you would have to pinpoint a star of some sort, or did you already. Connect symbols and travel outside of your comfort zone. Picture the library in Vatican city. The paperwork of the pope which can’t be read for all those many years after his demise (per Pope). This was established to actually conceal the truth. through time this is all altered to the point it is no longer original. For example: I’m pretty sure you all have heard of the Bible Code. It is encrypted messages within the bible itself. The originality has been altered to the point most bibles don’t even read HOLY BIBLE. It just says bible and then tells you the edition and who wrote it. Well use mathematics to figure this out. 9 letters H.O.L.Y.B.I.B.L.E…… divisible by what to give you the message. This was decoded and no longer did they use it for reference in most cases. Why? Because someone cracked the code. Preferably a scholar. This (Codes-mathematical equations)is all through the Gideon book.

    It is the same when it comes to Adam’s first wife, whose name was torn out of the good book. Her name is Lilith, and she was woven to the back of Adam. This was, of course, before eve. She (Lilith) claimed to be his equal, if not, his better half. She detached herself from Adam to claim her independance. The angels descended from the heavens and she seduced them, thus casting them into the fiery pits of hell. This is what sparked the Harlot. Is it not interesting how the Dead Sea Scrolls just so happened to pop up out of nowhere? Is it not interesting how a Fraternity is labeled in the Greek?

    A Fraternity is a secret society. Is it not? They hold rites and have their prospects perform tasks to show their want and strong desire to become a member of their Fraction. Law officials take oaths which they are sworn to. Once this sacred information is leaked, people come up dead and found missing. If there were blood sacrifices back in the beginning of man existing then why not now. Everything evolves, just like wars and the weapons used in them.

    Okay, how about this. Everything has evolved but the space shuttle. EVERYthing. You cannot possibly believe that. But what you should know as a fact is that they have a space shuttle from the letter A-Z.

    The Sator Square is a very powerful piece that if used the proper way – when used the right way – will open up doors to a whole new reality. If you can figure how I came up with Tan Ton Not Nat… You will see something that I cannot say but already have. Seek and you shall find. The words aren’t even hidden. RA… The numbers 9, 7, and 5 are all there. I know you’re familiar with those numbers right. I gave you mostly everything you need to know in this reply.

    Once you get what the Square is saying you will be totally amazed.

  9. Nate Beck says:

    Thanks Alex.

    You offer much to consider and I agree that the Sator Square is intriguing. There used to even be one near Rennes-le-Chateau in the Languedoc.

    One comment you made, though, needs some clarification. The story of Lilith being Adam’s first wife was not “torn out of the good book” as you say, but is part of Rabbinic tradition based on Chaldean mythology. It was never part of the Genesis account in the first place!

    This is a common and false claim that is often made which usually goes something like “books were taken out of the Bible”, “lost books of the Bible”, “The Council of Nicea decided which books to remove from the Bible” “a character or story removed, deleted, excised or edited from the Biblical text.” Such books in these type arguments often include books such as the Books of Enoch, Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs, Book of Adam and Eve, the Apocrypha etc.

    The fact is, these books were written much later than the books that comprise the Torah and the canon of the Hebrew Bible, and stem from later Rabbinic tradition and legends one finds in the Tamlud, targums, and other Jewish literature. These are not “lost books of the Bible” because they were never part of the Bible to begin with. However, because many researchers live in a fantasy world where historical facts do not matter, these worn out and long discredited claims will continue to be found in popular books and pulp fiction novels.

    We must stick to what we can prove, if we are to gain respect and be heard from serious scholars and academics! However, in the world of the occult, facts are often hard to come by.

  10. Nate Beck says:

    Also, you’re quite wrong on another point as well. Most Bibles do still say ‘Holy Bible’ on the cover. I was in a book stor the other day and saw for myself.

    You see what you’ve done? You’ve made so many claims that are easy to disprove, that anything else you’ve said will automatically be doubted or dismissed. Be careful to stick with the facts so this doesnt happen. This is something I try to stress with all of my fellow researchers. Thanks Alex!

  11. Mark says:

    The “star” which Alex was trying to get you to recognize was likely a reference to the sun. It’s also my belief that the Pater Noster (Lord’s Prayer) which reads “Our Father twart in Heaven …” is also a reference to the sun, 

    So how does this relate to the understanding of “Sator?” It’s my belief “Sator” is some type of reference to the mythological beast referred to as the “Satyr” (half man, half goat). This bears a relationship to the word Satan, and Satan is also the Lucifer.

    For me, Lucifer is some type of reference to the misunderstanding that arises as a result of others mistaking “the morning star” mentioned in The Bible to be some reference to the planet Venus (Aphrodite) and not some reference to the sun. Also interesting is the fact that both the words David from The Bible and Aphrodite are references to “the beloved:” 

    “I Jesus have sent my angel to testify unto you these things of the churches. I 
    am the root and the offspring of David (the Beloved) and the bright morning star.” (Revelations 22:16)

    Also for me, the theory that there could have been “Christian influences” in Pompey is a very believable one. Everytime that I look at that stone carving found at Pompey with the title “Dionysus” and all of the Roman citizens standing there smiling carved in stone, it just gives me the creeps. 

  12. Alex says:

    If I were to say this is a universal symbol would you believe it?

    I do not take anything on face value and I am pleased to see that you don’t either.

    I have to dig through tons of notes to prove what I’ve posted. So bare with me while dig.

    As for a reference to Lilith and satyr (Sator) (Thanks Mark. I didn’t want to say that.), you can find it in Isaiah 34:14

    In the Dead Sea Scrolls found at Qumran, Lilith appears in Song For A Sage “And I, the Sage, sound the majesty of His beauty to terrify and confound all the spirits of destroying angels and the bastard spirits, the demons, Lilith. . ., and those that strike suddenly, to lead astray the spirit of understanding, and to make desolate their heart.”

    Lilith, Adam’s first wife Genesis 1:27

    Later, in Genesis 2:7 Adam, by himself

    Genesis 2:21-22 here enters the creation of Eve, from his rib

    As for the writing on the bible (Holy Bible) I would have to search for where I’ve jotted it down, but what I do know is that everything deals with numbers; mathematics. As I’ve stated, it is code and not something that I’ve created off the top of my head.

    I do not refer on the internet to prove what I say, I read in Library’s, other institutions, and build with those who’ve studied and do study as of this moment. I search and research all of my material. No offence, I can understand – fully – if you do not agree with some of the information I’ve provided. 20 years ago I didn’t believe a word of it myself.

    I actually tried to go off of memory when I typed it when, of course, I should have attached proof with my comments, or allegations as some would say.

    Please do not ask me who I build with, because I will not divulge that information for I will expose myself.

    One thing I can say about the A&O as being alpha and omega: It seems to be conflicting in my judgement. True, the Alpha and Omega is Him. In the Greek alphabet, A is Alpha while the Omega “symbol” is last; the ‘O’ is Omicron; the ‘O’ with a symbol within it is Theta. The 1st letter of the alphabet; Alpha. The 8th letter of the alphabet; theta. Thus equals 9.

    Now let us use it with just the O as Omicron. The 1st letter of the alphabet; Alpha. The 15th letter of the alphabet; Omicron. thus equals 16 which 1 plus 6 equals 7. Again, the alpha and omega.

    The aforementioned are just other examples of seeing it.

    I can go on and on but this, I’m pretty sure, will confuse some. But like I’ve said, you have to travel with an open mind to decipher the codes.

    I’ve worked on this symbol by itself for quite some time now. But on this page is the only place I’ve ever felt the need to say anything about it. The reason, you’re close… with all the different aspects in relation to the square, in due time you will truly figure it out and be in awe.

    Once I’m done digging through my material, I’ll share more if you are interested.

    • Gisselle says:

      Hey, Alex.
      It is blatant that you are very informed about the theme, and, well, this is not that related to what you’re talking about, but is there a probability that you can solve some questions I have about angels and occultism? I’d appreciate your help. Thanks.

    • Robert says:

      Hello Alex, can you please help me more on understanding that of which you speak here? I can give you my personal email if you would rather convers in private. Please consider helping me, it is of the utmost importance that I learn this. Thank you for your time.

  13. Nate Beck says:

    Thanks so much Alex.

    I apologize if my comments seemed over critical. I’m very analytical and try to bury everything under facts that can be proven only. However, even though I am a Christian (meaning I believe in and follow Jesus Christ and the Bible) (a mystically inclined, quite liberal one at that) I always try to keep an open mind, even when the critical scholar in me hollers foul. I am always interested in differing viewpoints and theories, even if I find myself not agreeing with them. This is how we learn and grow.

    In fact, most of the topics and areas that I study would seem taboo to most people who label themselves ‘Christians’. However, I can testify quite boldly that if I had lived in the Middle Ages, I would no doubt have been burned at the stake, or something else, for the things that I believe. Because of the long record of bigotry and injustices, I am not, nor ever have been, a member of what is considered “mainline and common Christianity’. There is too little Christ in today’s “Christianity” for me, and I am very critical of organizations such as the Roman Catholic Church, and have never aligned myself with groups such as those. Like I said, I am a fiercely independant, mystic Christian with my role models being folks like Martin Luther, William Tyndale, St. Francis, and St. John of the Cross.

    With that said, your sharing of information here is more appreciated and respected than you know.

    I look forward to hearing more from you, as I’m sure alot more people are as well.

    Just a thought, but can you certify the theory that Sator is the same as Satyr? I have my doubts whether this is provable, but will leave an open mind about it.

    Thanks so much you guys!

  14. Mark says:

    To Nate:

    One of the reasons why I mentioned that fact was because I noticed that the O (Omega) of Sator had a dot in the center of it, which also represents the symbol for the sun.

    Also, There seemed to be some type of “huge cult following” pertaining to Satyrs in Pompey. The best way of 
    Understanding that is that Pan was the leader of the Satyrs and was known as “The Shepherd God.” Pan was also known as “The god of wine.” There was also a brothel in Pompey known as the Lupinor (Den of She-Wolves), With these facts in mind, read:

    Jeremiah 25:27- 25:38

    And if you have any other questions just feel free to e-mail me. 

    To Alex:

    Yes, as Nate said, welcome to the website, and feel free to comment. Also, I noticed that you seemed to
    to have gone out of your way to make the point about the “rib.” I do know that the Hebrew word for rib is
    “tsela.” And the Latin word for “square” is “tesla” (or tessela). 

    So it makes sense to me that you might have memtioned that fact because we are talking about the “Sator square.” If I am not mistaken, the word “Cubit” is some also some type of reference to a square unit of measurement.

    So I’m guessing that the measurement of the “Sator square” is about, hmmm …. “25 cubit’s.” Ha Ha! 

  15. Nate Beck says:

    Excellent point Mark! Thanks!

    There is also a definite relationship between magic squares and Rennes-le-Chateau as well. There’s another person who is hopefully going to share what he/she knows about that too hint hint lol.

    And, let’s face it, the devil in Sauniere’s church is a perfect representation of Pan! In fact, the word satyr is the transliterated Hebrew word for goat devil anyway!!! Dig that fellas! Maybe this IS our ‘demon guardian”!

    I find it interesting that Alex mentions cult blood sacrifices in relation to using the Sator Square. Very interesting…

  16. Mark says:

    The logic for the understanding of the goat is that a goat will eat anything. A lot of people are not even aware
    of the fact that Solomon wrote a book called “The Goetia” which dealt with conjuring up of and sealing of evil spirits. Much of what I understand about the goat comes from “Song of Solomon.”

    “The voice of my beloved! Behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains and skipping upon the hills.” (Song 2:9)

    Basically, Solomon’s “beloved” was actually a goat. It’s what is referred to as Satyre (Satyr), and the purpose of this fact being mentioned is to build on the understanding. The understanding is that a goat makes the mistake of assuming that the flower is the fruit. And that is why this is mentioned;

    “My beloved is mine, and I am his. He feedeth amongst the Lillies.” (Song 2:16)

    Notice how “Song” attempts to distinguish between the understanding for the flower and the fruit in these verses;

    “As the Lily amoungst the thorns, so is my love amoungst the daughters (Heb. bath). As the Apple tree amoungst the trees of the woods, so is my beloved amoungst the sons. I sat down under his shadow, and his fruit was sweet to my taste. (Song 2:2-3)

    So what is the purpose for the distinguishing between the flower and the fruit? It’s because if we don’t understand that there is a distinction between the flower and the fruit, then we won’t be able to understand the wine:

    “Stay with me flagons (flasks of wine). Comfort me with apples, for I am sick of love.” (Song 2:5)

    Wine is made out of fruits such as Apples and grapes. However, the goat has his own understanding for wine, so understands things like apples and grapes differently.

    With that thought in mind, there is a chapter in The Zohar called “The Flower Buds.” if I am mistaken, and it is called”The flower blossums,” I do know that “flower buds” were mentioned. That chapter is a reference to these specific verses from “Song:”

    The flowers appear on the earth. The time of the singing of the birds has come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land. The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grapes give a good
    smell. Arise my love, my fair one, and come away.” (Song 2:12-13)

    Notice that when you read these verses, you see a reference to flowers, but no references to the “flower buds.” Why? Because they represent the understanding for both “the tender grape” and the “green (unripe) figs.” “Tender grapes” in the sense that for a goat, the flower is fruit. And “green (unripe) figs” in the sense that the goats fruit (the flower) has not ripened yet. And both the “tender grape” and “green figs” are the same color as the flower bud. Duh!

    However, this wine that I am mentioning has to be understood in a second way, which represents the reason why this is mentioned:

    “As the lily amoungst the thorns, so is my love amoungst the daughters (Hebrew baths).

    In the story of Sodom mentioned in The Bible, it is mentioned that Lot is fleeing from some “catastrophic event,” and when he looks behind him, he notices that his wife has turned into a pillar of salt. The reason for this is because the catastrophic event that they were fleeing from was an “erupting volcano.” The citizens of the city had done something both “perverse” and “ignorant.”

    That is why I leave you with these final verses as “food for thought;”

    Isaiah 14:9-20

  17. Nate Beck says:

    WOW! Mark, you are a jewel!

    That is some of the most amazing stuff I have ever read. I will need a couple days to absorb all this, but that is some good stuff!

    Thanks buddy!

  18. Mark says:

    Also, Nate, I would like to attempt to clarify some points regarding the verses from “Isaiah 14:9-20” which I mentioned above:

    In Isaiah 14:12 where it mentions:

    “How thou art fallen from Heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning”

    This is a reference to the Greek Goddess of Love, Aphrodite (Venus) because the star (planet) called Venus was named in honor of her. Venus is the brightest star in the sky and is called “the morning star” because of the time that it appears (just before the sun rises). 

    Aphrodite is known in mythology as the DAUGHTER of Zeus. She was the goddess of beauty and cleanliness, and there is actually a landmark in Greece or Rome called “The Baths of Aphrodite” which the
    people back in those days named after her. 

    It’s also mentioned that Aphrodite’s name in in some way supposed to mean ” floating sea foam” or something like that. But the logic for that has to do with a story of Some god whose genitals were cut off and hoisted into the sea, and from that, Aprodite (the sea foam) was born. So it’s my belief that the “sea foam” is some reference to semen, which probably also floats on the water.

    It is mentioned that Zeus had his Daughter Aphrodite married to the god Hespesphus, who is interestingly enough “the god of fire and Volcanoes.”

    “For thy have said in thine heart that thy will ascend into heaven, I will exault my throne above the stars of God. I will sit also upon the Mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north.” I will ascend above the heights of the clouds. I will be like the “Most High.” (Isiah 14:13)

    The “Mount of the “Congregation” is a reference to “Mount Olympus,” which was believed to have resided up in the Clouds. This was where the Gods were said to have lived.” 

    And the relevence of the passage is that there is an actual place called Mount Olympus where some of the worlds most beautiful flowers grow. The Romans considered these flowers sacred. Whether or not they actually imported them to use in their bath houses, I don’t know.

    “Yet, thou shalt be brought down to He’ll, to the sides of the pit.” (Isaiah 14:13)

    It’s my belief this is a “Stone Pit” that they are referring to where the “dead” are buried as also mentioned in Isaiah 14:19.

    They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee saying is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms.” that  made the world as a wilderness, that destroyed the cities
    thereof. Open not up the house of prisoners?  (Isaiah 14:16-17)

    “They that see thee” … I believe is a reference to “tourists.”

    Now get ready for the shocker! “Is this the man who made the earth to tremble, that did shake the kingdoms ..” 

    It’s my belief that it was this Man’s own “foolish actions” which actually caused the volcano to erupt! I know that sounds crazy! But I still think it is true. And the fact that whoever wrote this believed it is also true is confirmed in Isaiah 14:20.

    “But though art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch …” (Isaiah 14:19)

    … Is a reference to “the prisoners” being removed from their graves. 

    “Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial because thou hast destroyed thy land and slain thy people, the seed (semen) of evildoers shall never be renowned.” (Isaiah 14:20)

    “Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial” … Represents a warning for us not to do as they did. 

    And now time for the final shocker! And when I say “final,” that is my way of saying that it certainly doesn’t get any bigger than this;

    “They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee saying is this the MAN who made the earth to tremble …”

    One of the things that they are trying to get for you to consider is the fact that this MAN which they are referring to actually had a name. The name of this man that they are referring to is ……….. (Drum roll please) ……….


    • Maria Rigel says:

      Isaiah 14:12 is almost certainly a reference to Venus, the planet. But that doesn’t mean it’s a reference to Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of the planet. The Jews didn’t believe in Greek goddesses! And Isaiah might be earlier than the myths about Aphrodite, but not sure of that.

      • Mark says:

        Actually, since I last wrote the post, I’ve found evidence that seems to contradict my own argument. Flowers are regarded as being sacred and offered to the Gods in puja in Hinduism.

        Aphrodite is actually Diana, sometimes referred to as “Diana Lucifera,” a female version of Satan, which is where part of that came from, and Diana is mentioned in Acts. But your right. That’s a part of the New Testament. So I could be way off.

  19. Mark says:

    “For Dust thou art, amd unto dust thou shalt return.”

  20. Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this article and also the
    rest of the website is really good.

  21. Rani says:

    I think it is a Christian Cross.

  22. Rani says:

    I love the way they have made it.

  23. Bury says:

    They are wrong it’s a square written in English

  24. Bury says:

    I can solve the square. These words mean something and I know it.

  25. Ramona says:

    I was reading the article posted by Jenny. I had heard of the Sator Square but had never paid a lot of attention to it. But after reading what Jenny wrote I did a little research on the “words”.
    Arepo and I found [Arreop] and it had a meaning of I creep/move stealthily, towards, trust, and also it is a proper name.
    Rota, A tribunal of the pope curia, exercising, jurisdiction, and a rotation [as of persons and duties] and also a wheel.
    Sator, sower ,planter, founder, originator. A forefather individual from one or more people such as tribe or nation.
    Tenet, principle of belief, creed, doctrine, dogma, canon ,axiom view and ideal.
    Opera, an art form in which singers and musicians preform a dramatic work combining text, musical score.
    The more I look at the meanings of each “word” It made me think of something in the religious sense . Just a thought.

  26. Marco says:

    My name is Marco, i’m italian and i apologize for my bad English.
    I will write about the Sator Square to warn you for a testimony, ancient and forgotten, about the origin of the terms that make up the square :
    ” Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, des Persans, des Turcs, des Russiens ” , written by the french scholar François Marie de Marsy and published in Paris in 1764, on page 203 of the eleventh book: : ” Ces termes magiques de nos prétendu grimoires, SATOR, AREPO, TENET, OPERA, ROTAS, nous vienent encore des Ethiopiens, qui prononcent SADOR, ARODA, DANAD, ADERA, RODAS, e qui disent que ce sont les noms des cinq plaies de J. C. “
    The book is available on the internet with gogle books.

    This is the link to an interesting article :

  27. mike clark says:

    I am thinking that the sator square is a marker for a meeting place, office or shop for a guild of Engineers.

    I am thinking that it translates like this:”keepers of the ancient knowledge of the wheel rights”. Wheelrights would play a very important part in both the military and civilian life. They would construct and maintain water wheels, siege engines, and cranes or whatever they used to move blocks obelisks and Columns. Many of the Roman sator quares were found in the periphery of the empire, often close to military facilities. Such a guild and trade union would be very important to the army as well as the engineering needs of the cities.

  28. Have a look at – I have just recently solved the SATOR square using the ancient Greek cipher for letters to numbers and modular arithmetic before linking it to my Partition Theory paper using the Swastika…. page 19-23

  29. SATOR (Masculine. 3rd Declension, Nominative Case): A plowman, planter, or sower (of seed)

    AREPO: (A contrived name of a person)

    TENET (3rd person singular 2nd Conjugation Verb “Teneo”): Maintain, control

    OPERA (Feminine Singular of 1st Declension, Ablative (of cause or means) of Noun OPERA, OPERAE: Work, effort, attention, care

    ROTAS (Feminine, 1st Declension, Accusative Case of Noun ROTA, ROTAE): Wheel, chariot

    Ergo: One possible translation is, “The plowman Arepo maintains the wheel (of the plow) with care.” Another possibility is, “The plowman Arepo controls the wheel (of the plow) with (by means of) effort.”

    The first seems more sensible to me since the plowman would wish to keep his labor-saving plow in its best condition; after all, the wheel allowed the plow to have a larger and heavier iron plowshare and could therefore be used more aggressively than a lighter plow since the weight of the plowshare could dig more deeply into the soil while still being supported as necessary by the wheel. In other words, not only was the new plow more efficient, it was easier to handle than the older designs for a given amount of soil tilled.

    Pliny the Elder noted that a wheeled plow was in use in northern Italy in 50 C.E. and that its benefits surely would have been known to the inhabitants of Pompeii by the time of its demise in 79 C.E.; any soldier or merchant visiting Pompeii (or returning home thereto) could easily have brought the knowledge of the improved plow and might even have brought the SATOR tablet to the city.

    Whether there were any Christians in Pompeii is still open to debate, the primary evidence seeming to be the presence of the SATOR Square and the subsequent interpretation of it by those seeing a religious statement in it.

    It is known that St. Paul paid a short visit to the nearby community of Puteoli on the Bay of Naples (see Acts of the Apostles 28:13) about 20 years prior to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius; whether he proselytized there or not is not touched on by the passage in Acts, although the following passages are clear that from Puteoli he went to Rome and spoke to the Jewish leaders a few days after his arrival there.

    What is certainly known is that there were educated speakers of Latin and among them could be found those who enjoyed games of words; it could simply be that some witty soul playing with words, invented the SATOR Square simply as a diversion and had no religious intent.

    We may never know why, how, or by whom this puzzling piece of antiquity came to be.

    The debate probably will never be over.

    • Ron Ricker says:

      A contrived name of a person?
      And this person plows or maintains the wheel for the field.
      That IS more acceptable than atomic fusion and perpetual motion.
      my point being…
      one/we has/have to break out of the dumbed down intellectual shell that enslaves us.
      A paradigm shift in the evolutionary consciousness of our being.

  30. Oliver says:

    I learned this SATOR square not from anyone but how it appeared letter by letter from my friends playing “Spirit of the Glass” game…we were teens then and oblivious of anything playing what they watch on Tv, I’m not a participant just watching was 5pm, for an hour the played then at exactly 6pm, al things changed, the atmosphere changed, it’s weird, letter after letter forms to words, the guy writing the letters noticed he can read the same word left, right up and down then a weird sound and a very cold wind everyone started running …. This was forged and revealed to dazzle the minds of men done with wisdom from millennia… And I’m sure it’s not from God…

  31. John says:

    Hi! internet friends
    This is wonderful. I have learnt a lot about the SATOR square. After all the arguments raised I still strongly believe the square to be mystical.
    Can someone teach me on how to match the letters in the sator square to figures as can be seen in the 5×5 magic square of numbers? I would be very grateful for such a help
    Your internet friend

  32. tinoy says:

    Sator square is a sacred latin words, i knew this latin because my grandfather thought me about it. He is a quack doctor he knew so many things that you could not imagine. He could not even finish his studies but he said he learn this all things because somebody up there thought him all of it.

  33. tinoy says:

    Sator square have something to do with the pater noster cross
    look at the letter all of the letter from sator square are in the pater noster,i knew the latin words sator square im using it for healing, but when using it sator square is not alone there were more latin words accompanied it to be effective. But one thing that I’m sure, this is for good and protection.

  34. Jerry says:

    I have a tattoo of this great words, My friend explained to me the important of this 5 group of words, he said each letters of this words has its own equivalent name of 25 virtues in heaven. My apology I can’t write here each names.

    S –
    A –
    T –
    O –
    R –


  35. Maria Rigel says:

    Ezekiel 1 is a fascinating passage of the Bible. There are all sorts of theories about it, including that he’s describing a spaceship. I’m inclined to think that most of the confusion comes from the expression “living creature”, when it’s describing something with wheels. I assume that Ezekiel or his translators had difficulties finding the right word to say “mechanism” or something similar, and settled for “living creature”. The thing had the likeness of the firmament, the faces indicate the four constellations of the Zodiac for the cardinal points (Taurus – the ox, Leo – the lion, Scorpio – now a scorpion, used to be an eagle, Aquarius – the man), and some part of it looks like a wheel within a wheel, so I’m guessing he was attempting to describe some sort of device to predict the movements of the stars.

  36. Maria Rigel says:

    The SATOR square might be used to encode a message. First you write it on the shape of the PATER NOSTER cross. Then convert it into the SATOR square. That would scramble the letters in a way that could make the message unrecognizable to those that didn’t know the SATOR square.

  37. Maria Rigel says:

    I’m quite sure there isn’t any connection between Ezequiel 1 and the SATOR square. Mostly because the SATOR square was written in Latin, and Ezequiel 1 was originally written in Hebrew. And if whoever invented the SATOR square wanted to make a connection with Ezequiel 1, they’d have probably picked words more clearly related to Ezequiel 1.

  38. Maria Rigel says:

    Christian ideas didn’t appear entirely out of nothing, they came out of a rich Jewish background. The SATOR square could be connected to Christianity, and still be found before Christ. All that would mean is that some of the Jewish ideas that were later incorporated into Christianity had already arrived in Pompey before the birth of Christ.

  39. Maria Rigel says:

    An alternative interpretation for the meaning of the SATOR square: Since the words contained in it are just ROTAS OPERA TENET going in all directions, maybe that’s how it should be read. “Rotas opera tenet” translates as “The work/piece has wheels”.

  40. There are two arrangements for a 2×2 Latin Square. But, did you know there are 6,147,9419,904,000 Latin Squares of order 7×7. Read more about it on my blog.

  41. Maria Rigel says:

    The “Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage” (that was on the bibliography of the Maranatha puzzle) has several SATOR-type squares. They all have this structure:

    1 2 3 4 5
    2 6 7 8 4
    3 7 9 7 3
    4 8 7 6 2
    5 4 3 2 1

    Each number represents a different letter, though repeating letters are allowed (for example, letter 5 and 6 may be the same, as it happens on the SATOR square).

  42. mkl says:

    The square describes the way atoms bond together and shows how to create perpetual movement. Simple.

  43. GARY GAMBILL says:


  44. Buckeye Bob says:

    If I’d of known that scholars got to play with puzzles like this, I’d o’ been one.
    And a dern good’n, too.

  45. Alexandra says:

    Sator: Sow, Arepo: Reap, Tenet: Master, Opera: Work, Rotas: Wheel.

    Thus: What you Sow is what you Reap, that is the Master’s Work on the eternal Wheel of life.

    Rota = Tarot. The wheel of life.

  46. This is far too similar to the names derived from the Enochian Tablets! Very powerful indeed.

  1. February 1, 2013

    […] […]

  2. January 2, 2015

    […] are palindromes considered magical? The earliest known palindrome is the Sator Square, a word square found in the ruins of Pompeii dating back to 79 AD which contains the Latin words […]

  3. January 4, 2015

    […] считались магическими? Ранний известный палиндром «Sator Square«, слово-квадрат найден в развалинах Помпеи, […]

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